We know how wonderful the world around us is, but it’s not less impressive underwater. It reveals historical evidence of lost cities, and objects, that creates ocean ecosystem.
National Geographic has compiled facts about four interesting underwater wonders that are worth a visit for both diving enthusiasts and those enthralled by the world of history and art in its most unconventional form.
Christ of the Abyss, Italy
There is a bronze statue of Jesus (Christ of the Abyss) 17 meters (56 ft) deep in the Italian Riviera between Portofino and Camoli. It was installed on August 22, 1954. The author of the work is the UK sculptor Guido Galletti who made it based on an idea of Italian diving instructor Duilo Markante. The Italian wanted to dedicate it to his friend diver – Dario Gonzatti and placed sculpture near the spot where he died.
In the sculpture, Jesus has turned his hands to heaven as a symbol of holiness for the underwater kingdom. It is 2.5 meters (8 ft) tall. Also nearby are the remains of a British ship that sank during the Crimean War. Each year, on the last Sunday in July, a ceremony is held at this place to light candles and bless the sea. Replies of Christ’s sculpture can also be found elsewhere, for example, in Key Largo, Florida. There, the statue was placed in approximately 25 feet (7.6 m) meters deep and is a popular tourist attraction.
Rummu quarry, Estonia
Murru Prison, in Rummu quarry, was once a marble mine of Vasalemma, where over 400 prisoners were used as the main workforce. In 2012, the prison was shut down and pumps stopped, keeping the prison dry. Water levels rise very rapidly, leaving mine excavators, building parts and equipment underwater. Here, the water is so bright blue that it resembles an exclusive resort, reflected in the limestone walls. Locals call it the Blue Lagoon. Here Norwegian DJ Alan Walker filmed a video of his hit “Faded”.
Underwater Museum in Cancun, Mexico
The Underwater Museum, opened in 2010, has more than 500 sculptures representing Mayan culture, human and civilization development. They were created by British sculptor and diver Jason de Caires Taylor and five other Mexican sculptors. About 120 tons of cement, 4,000 meters of fiberglass and 400 kilograms of silicone were used to create the sculptures. They are exhibited in three galleries three to six meters deep.
The purpose of the museum is to allow the underwater living organisms to multiply and regenerate, as the sculptural materials provide a favorable environment for coral growth. The sculptures are designed to become artificial reefs after decades. Works of art are also available for purchase. This museum can be viewed not only by snorkeling or diving but also by sitting on a glass floor boat.
The lost city of Dwarka, India
Dwarka is a city on the west coast of India, considered one of the seven oldest lived places in the country. According to Hindu mythology, Dwarka was once the capital of the Yadava dynasty. Tens of thousands of years ago, when Krishna ruled, the city was rich, prosperous, and with good infrastructure. However, when Krishna died, the whole city disappeared under the sea waves. The 70,000 castles made of gold, silver and other precious metals disappeared as never existed.
In 2000, Indian archaeologists found 40 meters deep of city remains, street lattices, sandstone walls and other artifacts, which declared that Dwarka was once an important port city.