The concept of Traveling in time has always occupied a special place in the imagination of physicists, but is it possible after all? Of course, it is.

We are doing it every day, even right now. We travel in the future, second by second. However, this is not what we are going to discuss today. We will talk about real traveling, the one that you have seen in “Harry Potter” or “Back to the Future”.

Hawking party for time-travelers

On June 28, 2009, Stephen Hawking hosted a party with balloons, snacks and chilled champagne at Cambridge University. Everyone was invited, but no one showed up. Hawking had been expecting this, as he sent out invitations only after the party had ended. As he said, it was a party for time-travelers that would come from the future. It was just an ironic experiment to confirm his 1992 guess that time travel was impossible.

Hawking party for time travelers
Hawking party for time travelers

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Although he is an authority on physics, Hawking might be on the wrong side. Recent experiments support the possibility of time travel, at least in mathematics. These studies are more than just science-fiction-worthy explorations, as they reveal the foundations of the world and enable quantum cryptography and computing.

Theory of relativity

Einstein’s theory of relativity allows the possibility that time can be bent at such an angle that it forms a loop. Imagine you are traveling in this loop. This means that at some point you will return to the past and experience the same moments again. Like Deja-vu, only you will not realize it.

In recent decades, famous physicists such as Kips Torn and Stephen Hawking studied the possibility of time machines. The main conclusions from previous studies are that nature prevents the formation of time loops. This seems best explained in Hawking’s “Chronology Protection Conjecture”, which says that nature prevents a change in its past, shielding us from the paradoxes that would occur if time travel would be possible.

Einstein's general theory of relativity
Einstein’s general theory of relativity

Grandfather paradox

Perhaps the best-known of the three paradoxes that can arise during travel is the so-called “grandfather paradox”, where a person travels past and kills his own grandfather. It changes the course of history in such a way that the traveler himself was never born and thus does not exist.

Read Also: 8 Popular Paradoxes That Will Make Your Brain Explode

Exotic matter

Other phenomena, such as the need for “exotic” matter, can also prevent time loops from forming. Simply put, “exotic” matter is a substance with a negative mass. The problem is that there is no negative mass in nature.

Traveling to the Future

According to Einstein’s theories, if we could move faster than light, then we could travel in time. The problem is that no one can figure out how to make people move faster than light. The speed of light is 186,282 miles per second (299,792 kilometers per second)

If scientists would succeed in building a spacecraft that can fly faster than light, one day onboard would be one full year on Earth. Every day onboard would be equivalent to one year on Earth. At this rate, traveling to the other side of the galaxy would be 80 years for those on board the spacecraft.

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Brian Green, a theoretical physicist at Columbia University, explains: “You are one year older when you get off the ship, but many, many years have passed on Earth. It can be 10,000 or 100,000 years old, depending on the speed of the spacecraft. ”



Another idea about traveling in time is based on moving between “wormholes” in space-time, connected to other places. Mitchi Kaku, a physicist at the University of New York, explains: “Wormholes are the future and wormholes are the past. We must be very careful with them. The fuel needed to activate the time machine is superior to anything we can create with today’s technology. ”

It would take half of the matter and energy of the universe to create enough wormholes to travel to the past. At this point, it is definitely worth putting aside the dream of traveling in the past.


  1. Rightly said Madam.. Nobody has any practical proof of Time Travel..
    I would however strongly recommend that you read Timeline, watch its movie adaptation (starring Gerard Butler) and Avengers Endgame movie as well..
    Would love to know your suggestion of books as well which tell about time travel (science or sci-fi)

  2. I would however beg to differ on thw grandfather paradox. Again, I am no Quantum Physicist, but I believe the theory shown in the movie (reportedly, after due consultation with Physicists behind the scene), makes sense.
    If you travel to the past, then your former present becomes your past, and your past becomes your future. So anything you change in your future (i.e. current past) will give rise to alternative realities, and not a changed future per se.
    Seems confusing, isn’t it?

    • That’s what makes Traveling in Time so interesting topic. Nobody has done that yet so no one doesn’t know what would happen. All we have is physic theories and imagination. There are so many aspects and paradox we could discuss if we would want our brain to explode.:)

  3. The theory of wormholes has been explained in the novel TIMELINE by Michael Crichton (of the Jurassic Park fame). Wormholes are possible in Quantum Scale. Atleast that’s the theory. An application of this theory has been shown in the biggest blockbuster movie of all times – Avengers Endgame.

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